Tag Archive | khimar

What The Scholars Have Said Regarding The Khimaar

Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“The khimaar is that which covers the head, the face and the neck. And the jilbaab is that which is made to fall from the top of the head downwards, such that oohing from her dress is apparent except forger two eyes.” [As is reported on him by Al-Albaanee in his book “Hijaab” p.71]

Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah said in his saheeh:

“The khimaar: that which a woman covers her face with.”

And this is what the female companions understood regarding khimaar when the ayah obligating it was revealed.

‘Aa’ishah said:

“May Allaah have mercy on the first emigrant women (muhaajiraat). When Allaah revealed “And (tell them) to draw their khimaars over their bosoms (juyoob)”, they tore off the bottom parts of their dresses and used them as khimaars (and covered their faces with them).” [Bukhaaree]

Ibn Hajr said:

“Her saying ‘used them as khimaars’ means we covered our faces with them.” [Taken from the book ‘Awdatul Hijaab 3/287-288]

Imaam Muhammad Al-Ameen Ash-Shinqeetee said (when commenting on the above hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah):

“This authentic hadeeth is clear proof that the female companions mentioned in it understood that the meaning of Allaah’s saying, “And (tell them) to draw their khimaars all over their juyoob (bosoms)” required the veiling of their faces. That is why they tore off part of their dresses and “used them as khimaars” meaning they covered their faces with them, obeying Allaah’s command in (24:31), which mandates the veiling of their faces.

So a woman’s wearing of the hijaab in front of men and the veiling of her face before them is established in the authentic sunnah, which provides an explanation for the Quraan… It is well known that they could not have gotten their understanding that Allaah’s saying “And (tell them) to draw their khimaars all over their juyoob (bosoms)” meant to veil the face except from the Prophet (saw), since he was present at that time. They would ask him about things that they found difficult with in their religion… So it is not possible that they could come up with an understanding of this ayah by themselves.” [Adwaa Al-Bayaan, 6/595]

A Discussion Of The Khimaar That A Woman Must Wear

Then Allaah specifies women with a command apart from men where He says: “And to not display ther zeenah (adornment) except for that which is apparent from it. And (tell them) to draw their khumur (veils) over their bosoms (juyoob).” Noor:31]

Here Allaah commands the women to wear the hijaab, which is a comprehensive covering that veils the woman’s body including her face, hands, feet, and entire body. This goes as well for her hair, which she must cover in front of men who are not from her mahrams.

And not to display their zeenah (adornment)” meaning she should not expose her adornment regardless if whiter it is her physical adornment, which consists of her body, such as the face, hands and so on, or her artificial or applied adornment such as jewellery, hair-dye, kohl and os on.

A woman was commanded to cover her bodily adornment as well as her artificial and applied adornment, which she decorates her body with, such as dyes, jewellery, kohl and its likes.

Except for that which is apparent from it” refers to the outer garment according to the correct opinion. Meaning: what is apparent by itself without her having to expose it (i.e, what cannot be hidden), and this is the outer garment, which does not constitute temptation or incitement…

And (tell them) to draw their khumur (veils) over their bosoms (juyoob).” Allaah orders the women to draw close their khumar that are over their heads. So a khimaar is that which a woman places on top of her head. Allaah commands hr to spread it over her upper chest.

And (tell them) to draw their khumur (veils) over their bosoms (juyoob).” This refers to the openings in the upper part of their garments which expose that throat and neck area. A woman should not leave these parts exposed for men to look at, but shoal instead lower her khimaar over it. If a woman was ordered to cover her throat, then the face is also to be covered for all the more reason.

In fact, the aspect of drawing the khimaar over the upper chest and neck are necessitates that it also fall over the face. the reason for this is because the khimaar is placed over the head. So if it is placed over the head to fall down on the upper chest, it also includes the face.(1)

What further illustrates this is the statement of ‘Aa’ishah where she said:

“Male riders would pass by us while we (wives) were in the state of ihraam with the messenger of Allaah. When they would approach us, (each) one of us would let her jilbaab fall down from (the top of) her head over her face. And when they had passed on, we would uncover our faces.” [Ahmad, Aboo Daawood and Ibn Maajah]

Footnotes:

(1) As the face is between the top of the head (hair) and neck/chest area, and the woman has been obliged to cover her head with a khimaar that falls down to her chest, it is only obvious that this falling from the head to the chest covers her face as well. What further illustrates this is the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah the shaykh then quotes.

[Taken from “Four Essays On The Obligation Of Veiling” Ch. 3: Advice To Muslim Women, by Sh. Saalih Al-Fawzaan, Pp. 62-63]

What Is The Khimaar That A Woman Is Obliged To Cover Herself With?

Regarding the statement of Allaah: “And to draw their khimaars (veils) over their juyoob (bosoms)” [24:31], Ibn ‘Uthaymeen mentions:

“The khimaar is that which a woman uses to cover and veil her head, such as a head cloth. So if she was commanded to place the khimaar over her jayb (bosom), then she was also commanded with covering her face, whether it is because wearing the khimaar necessitates that or because it is understood from general reasoning.

This is since if covering the neck and bosom are obligatory, then veiling the face is an obligation for all the more reason, since it is the source of beauty and enticement.

Indeed, when people seek the beauty of a figure, they do not ask except concerning the face. If it is beautiful, they do not look towards anything else in the same manner as possessing importance. This is why when it is said that such and such woman is beautiful, one doesn’t understand from these words anything except the beauty of the face.(1)

So it is clear that the face is the place of beauty that is asked about and informed of. And if it is this way, then how can we come to understand that this religion, which is based upon wisdom, would obligate the covering of the neck and chest and then allow the exposure of the face?”

[Taken from “Four Essays On The Obligation Of Veiling” Ch. 2: An Essay On Hijaab, p. 29]

Footnotes:

(1) As the shaykh mentions elsewhere: “There is no doubt that the face is the place of attraction and beauty and from where temptation is derived.” [Ibid. p.31]