Raabi’a Al-’Adwiyyah, The Pious Female Worshipper

Ibn Al-Jawzee said:

“Raabi’a Al-’Adwiyyah used to pray the whole night, and when dawn came she lay down for a bit and then got up frightened, saying to herself, ‘Sleep in the grave is long.’ ” [“Sincere Counsel To Students Of Sacred Knowledge” by Ibn Al-Jawzee, p.53]

Adh-Dhahabee related by way of Ibn Abee Dunyaa: ‘Abda Bint Abee Shawwaal, who used to serve Raabi’a Al-’Adwiyyah said:

“Raabi’a Al-’Adwiyyah used to pray the whole night. When morning would come she would lay down till the sky would turn yellow. I used to hear her say, ‘My soul, how much do you sleep and till what time do you stand up? You might sleep for just a little and never get up until the day of Resurrection.’ “

Raabi’a Al-’Adwiyyah was a ascetic, God fearing worshipper from Basra. She is said to have lived for 80 years and died in 180H.

Ibn Al-Jawzee said:

“Raabi’a Al-’Adwiyyah the worshipper used to get up to pray in the beginning of the night and say:

‘The lover has stood up for her hope,
And her heart is about to fly away from joy.’

When the night was over she would say: “No! It has been taken away!” and she would recite:

‘The darkness is gone with its intimacy and concord,
If only the night and its intimacy would come again.’ “

[Al-Muthish, p.211]

Adh-Dhahabee said:

“Aboo Sa’eed Ibn Al-Arabee said, ‘As for Raabi’a Al-’Adwiyyah, a people have learned much wisdom from her. Sufyaan, Shu’ba and others have related things about her.’ “ [Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa, 1/232]

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